A Monolingual Approach to Contextualized Word Embeddings for Mid-Resource Languages

Image credit: Alix Chagué


We use the multilingual OSCAR corpus, extracted from Common Crawl via language classification, filtering and cleaning, to train monolingual contextualized word embeddings (ELMo) for five mid-resource languages. We then compare the performance of OSCAR-based and Wikipedia-based ELMo embeddings for these languages on the part-of-speech tagging and parsing tasks. We show that, despite the noise in the Common-Crawl-based OSCAR data, embeddings trained on OSCAR perform much better than monolingual embeddings trained on Wikipedia. They actually equal or improve the current state of the art in tagging and parsing for all five languages. In particular, they also improve over multilingual Wikipedia-based contextual embeddings (multilingual BERT), which almost always constitutes the previous state of the art, thereby showing that the benefit of a larger, more diverse corpus surpasses the cross-lingual benefit of multilingual embedding architectures.

In The 58th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
Pedro Javier Ortiz Suárez
Pedro Javier Ortiz Suárez

Je suis doctorant en informatique à Sorbonne Université et à l’équipe de recherche ALMAnaCH à Inria